Telecommunicationshavana tunnel
The Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba, S.A. (ETECSA), has a network of Internet and telephone services which guarantees direct communication within the national territory and with any corner of the world. This telephone services network has developed gradually. Currently, according to the official figures, there are 3 341 865 telephone lines in use in the country. In addition, by means of Cubacel services, ETECSA commercializes mobile telephony, operating under the GSM (900 MHz).
Transportation system
There is a seaport, road and air infrastructure that allows the connectivity of socioeconomic objectives both in and out of the country. The most important connecting roads throughout the Island are the Carretera Central (Central Highway), the Autopista Nacional (National Freeway) and the (Línea Central) Central Railway; the latter has a long railroad network with 8367 km of tracks.
Air Transportation
The country has a solid airport infrastructure whose expansion has been planned for the main tourist areas, in view of the expectations concerning tourism growth in the Island.
International airports:
- Vitalio Acuña Airport (Cayo Largo del Sur)
Other airports for international civil aviation:
- Jardines del Rey International Airport (Cayo Coco, Ciego de Ávila)
In addition, there are 15 national airports.
The agencies in charge of the air transportation of passengers and cargos are the following:
Cubana de Aviación. It is the oldest and the biggest airline and covers almost all destinations in the country with regular flights.
Aerocaribbean. It is in charge of domestic and international flights in Central America and the Caribbean for cargo and passenger transportation.
Aerovaradero. Agency specialized in national and international air cargo services, and operator of air cargo terminals and other related services.
Aerogaviota. It is the youngest airline in Cuba, with a wide-ranging portfolio of services. It offers national and international flights in Central America and the Caribbean, for cargo and passenger transportation, as well as flights for business people.
In Cuba at present there are various operational foreign airlines. The ones that render services the most frequently include Copa Airlines, Air France, Air Europa, KLM and Aeroflot.
Nevertheless, the country receives throughout the year a great number of charter flights, which have connection with almost all airports in the country.
Maritime transportation
Cuba has 32 commercial ports. The most important ones are Mariel, Havana, Santiago de Cuba, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Moa, Gerona, Cayo Largo, Batabanó and Nuevitas. The most modern port in the country is the Mariel port, located in Artemisa province, within the Mariel Special Development Zone, which is about 45 km to the west of Havana. Since the port is situated in the middle of the Caribbean region and the Americas, in the intersection of the North-South/East-West axes of the maritime commercial traffic of goods, it constitutes the center of a 1000-mile radius circumference in which the main ports of the region are located. It has a modern container terminal with 702 meters of quay, which has the necessary capacity and services for the operation of Super Post-Panamax ships, by means of modern and highly automated equipment to handle, store, connect and control containers.
At present Cuba obtains 95.7 % of electricity from fossil fuels and only 4.3 % from renewable sources of energy.
Note: The content of this article is taken from the document "Cuba Investor Guide", at CEPEC (Centro para la Promoción del Comercio Exterior y la Inversion Extranjera en Cuba). You can download the document here.